Connectives Essay

It is a good idea to occasionally use linking words and phrases at the start of a new paragraph. They can help to link what you have said in the previous paragraph to what you are about to say in your new paragraph.

These link words and phrases are often referred to as signposts. This is because they help to indicate to the reader when one point ends and other begins, as well as the relationship between each point.

Used with care, they can help to guide examiners and tutors through your essay. As well as bolster the impression of a coherent, flowing and logical piece of work.

Useful linking words and phrases that can be used at the start of new paragraphs:

A contrary explanation is that, …

Although, …

As a consequence, …

As a result, …

As we have seen, …

At the same time, …

Accordingly, …

An equally significant aspect of…

Another, significant factor in…

Before considering X it is important to note Y

By the same token, …

But we should also consider, …

Despite these criticisms, …it’s popularity remains high.

Certainly, there is no shortage of disagreement within…

Consequently, …

Correspondingly, …

Conversely, …

Chaytor, … in particular, has focused on the

Despite this, …

Despite these criticisms, … the popularity of X remains largely undiminished.

Each of these theoretical positions make an important contribution to our understanding of, …

Evidence for in support of this position, can be found in…,

Evidently,

For this reason, …

For these reasons, …

Furthermore, …

Given, the current high profile debate with regard to, …it is quite surprising that …

Given, the advantages of … outlined in the previous paragraph, …it is quite predictable that …

However, …

Having considered X, it is also reasonable to look at …

Hence, …

In addition to, …

In contrast, …

In this way, …

In this manner, …

In the final analysis, …

In short, …

Indeed, …

It can be seen from the above analysis that, …

It could also be said that, …

It is however, important to note the limitations of…

It is important to note however, that …

It is important however not to assume the applicability of, …in all cases.

It is important however not to overemphasis the strengths of …

In the face of such criticism, proponents of, …have responded in a number of ways.

Moreover, …

Notwithstanding such criticism, ….it’s popularity remains largely undiminished.

Notwithstanding these limitations, ….it worth remains in a number of situations.

Noting the compelling nature of this new evidence, …has suggested that.

Nevertheless, …remains a growing problem.

Nonetheless, the number of, …has continued to expand at an exponential rate.

Despite these criticisms, …it’s popularity remains high.

On the other hand, critics of, …point to its blindness, with respect to.

Of central concern therefore to, …sociologists is explaining how societal processes and institutions…

Proponents of…, have also suggested that…

Subsequently, …

Similarly, …

The sentiment expressed in the quotation, embodies the view that, …

This interpretation of, … has not been without it’s detractors however.

This approach is similar to the, …. position

This critique, unfortunately, implies a singular cause of, …

This point is also sustained by the work of, …

Thirdly, …

This counter argument is supported by evidence from, …

The use of the term, …

Therefore, …

There appears then to be an acceleration in the growth of

There is also, however, a further point to be considered.

These technological developments have greatly increased the growth in, …

Thus, …

To be able to understand, …

Undoubtedly, …

While such failures must not be discounted, … there were in comparison small, when compared

Whilst the discussion in the preceding paragraph, …

Whether crime rates were actually lower at this time continues to be a matter of debate. Evidence from…

There are an almost limitless number of linking phrases and words one can use. What is important is that they complement the style of your writing.

Use these examples to arouse your creativity.

Remember that you don’t have to use them all the time. Using words like, ‘therefore’ ‘subsequently’ ‘moreover’ etc. for every new paragraph would probably become repetitive and detract from the key component of most academic work – critical analysis.

Finally, remember to succinctly, identify the key paragraphs and/or sections of your essay during your introductory paragraph. Then restate them along side an unambiguous position in your concluding paragraph. Again this will help to communicate a clear and understandable progression and structure, to those who read or mark your essay.

Best wishes.
S J Tonge.

12 Mar 2013

How to Write an Essay: List of Useful Phrases, Complex Connectives

Useful words and complex vocabulary for essays in all subjects from GCSE B-A* up to A-Level A* grade or University. Find a checklist to use with this list here.

How to understand what questions are asking you to do.

1 In Addition
(1) besides this (as well as this), (2) furthermore (also), (3) also, (4) as well as, (5) on top of this, (6) foremost (most important, e.g. the foremost reason for the outbreak of war was...), (7) firstly, secondly, thirdly, (8) firstly, lastly, finally, (9) likewise (in the same way).
2 To Give an Example
(1) For example, (2) for instance, (3) in particular, particularly (e.g. particularly important, was...), (4) specifically (e.g. Hitler bombed St Paul’s Cathedral specifically to destroy British morale), (5) to illustrate (e.g. Churchill understood the importance of morale. This is illustrated by the fact that he diverted firefighters from burning homes in order to save the Cathedral), (6) this is shown by (e.g. this is shown by the fact that...), (7) to demonstrate, to prove (e.g. to demonstrate this, we can...), (8) such as (e.g. words such as [quote], [quote], [quote] create the effect of’)

3 To Show the Reason Why, Cause and Effect
(1) since, (2) because, (3) because of, due to (because of, e.g. due to the effects of erosion, the coastline appears...), (4) as (because, e.g. as most people in the West have free access to food, obesity is reaching epidemic proportions), (5) by this, (6) through this, (7) as a result of this.
4 To Show Result or Effect of Something
(1) consequently (i.e. as a result of this, e.g. consequently, the earth will eventually crash into the sun), (2) hence (as a result, e.g. hence the earth will be destroyed), (3) so, (4) therefore, (5) thus (in this way, e.g. thus, the earth will fall into the sun and the moon will fall into the earth.) 
5 To Express an Opinion (for an English essay: Level 7+ and A-A*)
(1) this suggests, (2) this makes us feel that, (3) this makes it clear that, (4) create the effect (mood/tone) of (e.g. the author/these words create(s) the effect that) (6) seems, this seems to, it seems that, (7) we could say that, you could argue that, it could be said that, (8) we could interpret this in two ways (9) the author sets up (or ‘builds up’) the idea of (9) in this character, we see... (10) it could be argued that

6 To Prove Your Argument
(1) to attest, to prove, e.g. this is attested by, (2) to be evidenced, to prove, e.g. this is evidenced by, (3) to testify, where a person swears that a thing is so, e.g. people at the time testified that,' (4) to be endorsed, (5) to be supported, e.g. this view is endorsed (supported) by other evidence...’, to be shown, (7) to be proven, e.g. ‘this is shown (proven) by', (7) to establish, to be established, to be well-proven, ‘it has been established that, this evidence establishes that...’
(1) On one hand, on the other hand, (2) in comparison, (3) similarly, likewise (4) in contrast, (5) but, (6) however, (7) although, (8) yet, nevertheless, despite this, (even though there are things to the contrary) (9) even so, all the same.

8 Time after, before, currently, during, eventually, at present, now, then, before this, meanwhile (or, ‘simultaneously’ or ‘at the same time’), eventually, suddenly, formerly (previously), immediately, as soon as, initially (at first), later, once (e.g. ‘once [something] then [something]’), subsequently (after this), subsequent (those that came after, e.g. subsequent Kings took a more aggressive approach), hitherto (before this), henceforth (after this), 
9 To Summarize
Overall, to summarize, in summary, in conclusion, to sum up, briefly, in brief.

10 Making Judements: dominant, to dominate, (the most powerful, most prominent, most obvious) e.g. the dominant theme is, e.g. Germany was the dominant power in Europe from’
(most/more/least/less) important, importantly
(most/more/least/less) significant, significantly (most meaningful, interesting or important)
the prevailing attitude was (the attitude held by the majority)
absolute = total, complete
exactly, roughly, almost, most
demean - reduce in worth or character, usually verbally, e.g. ‘The men demean Curley’s wife, describing her as a ‘tart’.’
diminish - make something seem smaller

magnifiy, make something seem bigger, ‘The benefits of organic food have been magnified somewhat.’
mentioned: e.g. ‘it is mentioned in [source] that,’
referred: e.g. ‘This fact is referred to in [source]’
explicitly, clearly, plainly shown, e.g. ‘Person explicitly said that’
literally (i.e. it actually, really happened, not a metaphor)
exactly (precisely)
several (many), numerous (very many), endlesslimitlessinfinitely greater (smaller), e.g. ‘The issue of poverty in the UK is infinitely smaller since the introduction of the Welfare State.’
various, e.g. various sources show that [x is true]

11 Writing about What Other People Said / Wrote
(1) to voice = to speak an idea, e.g. ‘Crooks voices the prevailing view of the 1930s, that life is hard and there’s no hope for anyone in it.’
(2) person expressed the opinion that


The author, Melanie Kendry, is an Oxford graduate, outstanding-rated English Language and Literature teacher and of ages 10-18 in the British education system. In 2012, she was nominated for Pearson's Teaching Awards. As a private tutor, she raises grades often from C to A. Her writing is also featured in The Huffington Post. She offers private tuition in the Haywards Heath area, West Sussex.                                                                                  

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