Journal – A periodical published by a special group or professional organization. Often focused around a particular area of study or interest. Can be scholarly in nature (featuring peer-reviewed articles), or popular (such as trade publications).
Citing journals in MLA 7 is similar to citing books in MLA 7. There are, however, a few key differences. Read on for more information.
Citing a journal article found through a database*
*Note: Online databases provide access to thousands of journal articles. It is important to identify the database name when citing a journal article found through a database.
Last, First M. “Article Title.” Journal Title Series Volume.Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Date accessed: This is the day that the article was found and read.
Manning, Paul. “YouTube, ‘Drug Videos’ and Drugs Education.” Drugs: Education, Prevention & Policy 20.2 (2013): 120-30. Academic Search Complete. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.
Citing a journal article in print
Last, First M. “Article Title.” Journal Title Series Volume.Issue (Year Published): Page-Page. Print.
Anand, Raktima, Akhilesh Gupta, Anshu Gupta, Sonia Wadhawan, and Poonam Bhadoria. “Management of Swine-flu Patients in the Intensive Care Unit: Our Experience.” Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology 28.1 (2012): 51-55. Print.
Citing a journal article not found using a database*
*Note: Some journal articles are accessible online without the use of a database. Citing an online journal article is similar to citing a print journal article, except that you include the date you found it.
Last, First M. “Article title.” Journal Title. Series Volume.Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Website Publication Year. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
*Note: If you cannot identify a series, leave it out of the citation.
Date Accessed: This is the day that the article was found and read.
Marsh, Joanne, and Gill Evans. “Generating Research Income: Library Involvement in Academic Research.” Library and Information Research 36.113 (2012): 48-61. 2013. Web. 2 Apr. 2013.
Key: [R] References [T] In-text
T: (Deutsch, Lussier & Servis, 1993)
R: Deutsch, F. M., Lussier, J. B., & Servis, L. J. (1993). Husbands at home: Predictors of
paternal participation in childcare and housework. Journal of Personality and Social Pyschology, 65, 1154-1166.
Note: Only include the journal or magazine issue number if each issue has separate pagination, for example:
R: Lawson, W. (2004). A mental roadblock. Psychology Today, 37(5), 24.
- References for electronic sources end in a retrieval statement which contains sufficient information so that the source can be located.
- "Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time (eg. a wiki).
- Provide the Digital Object Identifier (DOI), if one has been assigned.
- If no DOI has been assigned provide the home page URL of the book or publisher.
- Do not place punctuation after a DOI or URL as it may be mistaken for part of the identifier."
T: (Preti & Miotto, 1998)
R: Preti, A., & Miotto, P. (1998). Seasonality in suicides: The influence of suicide method, gender and age on suicide distribution in Italy. Psychiatry Research, 81(2), 219-219-231. doi: 10.1016/0165-1781-00099.76.1.143
Journal articles - direct copies of original print version
T: (VandenBos, 2001)
R: VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by
psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research, (5), 117-123.
Journal articles - originally published as print but not direct copies
If you suspect there have been alterations to the original print version (look for format changes, additional information or changes in page numbers), include an accurate retrieval statement.
T: (Addis & Cohane, 2005)
R: Addis, M. E., & Cohane, G. H. (2005). Social scientific paradigms of masculinity and their implications for
research and practice in men's mental health. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61(6), 633-647. Retrieved
Journal articles - originally published in electronic form
T: (Fredrickson, 2000, March 7)
R: Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention
& Treatment, 3 Article 0001a. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from
*Rules for reference examples sourced from American Psychological Association Publication Manual (2010, pp. 198-200)